Massage (European system)
Massage (from the Greek. Masso – “rub”, “squeeze with hands”) is a combination of mechanical and reflex effects on tissues and organs, which is performed by the hands of a massage therapist or special devices in order to achieve a therapeutic or other effect. This is a means of healing the body, proven by many years of practice in the treatment and prevention of various diseases.
As an effective therapeutic agent, massage is used in various fields of medicine, such as orthopedics, neurology, therapy, surgery, gynecology.
Massage is a pleasant procedure that helps relieve tension. For adults, it helps to overcome ailments, for children, to develop correctly. External irritations are perceived by skin and muscle receptors, reflex points, and are transmitted to the central nervous system.
Currently, many types of massage are distinguished: anti-cellulite, which improves the condition of the skin and promotes the “burning” of fats, acupressure, which consists in actively acting directly on a pain point with a finger or elbow, cosmetic massage for the face, manual therapy aimed at relieving pain and restoring mobility spine and joints, Thai massage, as one of the areas in oriental medicine, Ayurvedic massage and others, but the most common is European massage.
European massage is based on four main techniques: stroking, rubbing, kneading and vibration, the combination of which not only relieves stress, but also treats serious diseases of the spine.
The massage therapist’s hand glides over the skin of the massaged area, without moving or stretching it. Stroking begins planar or grasping, superficial or deep. Vascular tone, skin elasticity improves, pain decreases, conduction and excitability of the peripheral nervous system improves. Further, the hand does not slip on the skin, but displaces it, makes a shift and stretching in different directions to loosen and grind pathological formations in different layers of tissues and increase muscle contractility – this is rubbing.
The next technique – kneading consists in grabbing, pulling, pushing up, squeezing and releasing tissues. Kneading is used to increase tissue mobility, remove pathological deposits, decay and fatigue products from deep tissues, and eliminate edema and stagnation. The healing effect of kneading is greater, the slower it is produced.
Vibrations are often used to help after fractures to improve tissue fusion.
In its original form, massage, like kneading and stroking, arose even at the dawn of human development. In an effort to alleviate pain, the man rubbed places of injury. Even in the works of Hippocrates, we see the following description: “In many things, the doctor must be experienced, and no less massage, because massage can bind the joint too relaxed and soften the joint very tight. Friction causes tissue to contract or relax, leads to fullness or emaciation, soft, gentle and moderate friction thickens the tissues, and dry and frequent friction pulls them together. ” They looked at massage as a remedy that helps a lot with many diseases. At the present time, massage is a scientifically based method of treatment for many diseases.
Europe owes the spread of massage to the Swedish physician Peter-Heinrich Ling and Dr. Metzger from Germany.
The European massage system includes the following areas: Russian, Finnish and Swedish systems.
The goal of the domestic massage system is to strengthen muscles, restore the nervous and respiratory systems, and fight against insomnia. Such a massage is done with a deep study of the muscles and can be painful.
Swedish massage focuses on rubbing the seals, stretching the neurovascular bundles and muscles. Swedish massage is strong and deep enough.
The Finnish system borrowed from the Swedish rubbing techniques, and from the Russian system of kneading techniques. In the Finnish massage, kneading with a small pillow of the thumb dominates and the massage therapist needs very strong and hardy fingers. The receptions of the Finnish massage system are performed in the same sequence as in the Swedish system.
Massage is a pleasant and useful procedure that helps to restore inner peace and harmony with the natural rhythm of life. Massage is an unforgettable sensation of relaxation, well-being and peace of mind that you will never forget!