An effective tool for the treatment of various diseases and injuries is currently therapeutic massage. It helps restore normal activity of the whole organism. Massage is part of a range of therapeutic measures carried out in hospitals, sanatoriums, clinics, medical institutions. Therapeutic massage has its own classification, which is based on the nature of the disease. So, they distinguish massage for injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, massage for diseases of the respiratory system, massage for diseases of the organs involved in digestion, etc. The method of performing massage may vary depending on the nature of a disease.
1. For injuries or diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the massage technique is divided into massage techniques for spinal diseases and massage techniques for joint diseases.
2. For diseases of the digestive tract – a technique for massage the intestines, stomach and duodenum.
3. For diseases of the cardiovascular system – massage technique for hypertension, coronary heart disease, etc.
Each disease has its own massage technique, which depends on the cause of the disease, the pathogenesis of the disease, the clinical forms of its manifestation, the specificity of the effect of certain massage techniques on the body.
Therefore, for example, the technique for performing back massage for scoliosis differs from the technique for back massage for osteochondrosis of the spine, and the massage technique for hypertension is different from the technique for massage of the hand for cervicothoracic osteochondrosis. In addition, it must be borne in mind that the massage technique changes at different stages of the same disease. But that is not all.
The same disease in different people proceeds differently, so the massage technique should be developed not only taking into account the disease itself, but also specifically for a particular patient. In therapeutic massage, both the technique and the technique for performing massage techniques are the same as in hygienic massage. It includes stroking, kneading, squeezing, vibration, rubbing. The selection of techniques depends on the configuration, muscles, nature of the disease, the place of massage. Treatment can be made more effective by supplementing classical massage with massage types such as acupressure, segmental massage and Su-Jok therapy.
Therapeutic massage, like any other type of massage, with the right choice of its methods and methods of their use, with the right dosage has a beneficial effect on the whole body. Massage is accompanied by a pleasant sensation of warmth throughout the body, an improvement in the general well-being of the person being massaged, and an increase in his vitality. Thanks to this type of massage, it is possible to increase or decrease the general nervous excitability of the person being massaged, activate almost lost reflexes, significantly improve tissue trophism, and the activity of many internal organs. Using this type of treatment, it is possible to improve the functioning of the pathways, to strengthen the reflex connections of muscles, internal organs, blood vessels with the cerebral cortex.
Therapeutic massage has a positive effect on the peripheral nervous system. It is able to relieve or stop pain, improve nerve conduction, accelerate the process of its recovery in case of damage, prevent, reduce the formation of secondary changes in joints and muscles in the area of nerve damage. The effect of massage on the nervous system of the person being massaged is associated with environmental factors. So, its therapeutic effect is significantly reduced if the patient encounters factors such as long lines, noise and loud conversations of others before, during or after the massage session.
Massage improves the condition of the skin and subcutaneous fat. It helps to cleanse the skin from torn away horny scales, various foreign particles that have fallen into its pores, from microbes living on its surface. In addition, it normalizes the functions of the sebaceous and sweat glands, cleansing their openings from secretion, activates the blood and lymph circulation of the skin, thereby improving its nutrition. All this makes the skin supple, pink and velvety, enhances its resistance to temperature and mechanical influences. Therapeutic massage increases the skin-muscle tone, so that the skin becomes elastic, smooth and dense. But for this to be true, it is necessary to carefully monitor the cleanliness of the skin when prescribing massage.
The skin is a large receptive field, so massage has a beneficial effect not only on the skin itself, its vessels and muscles, but also on the central nervous system. Massage also affects the action of skin capillaries. It contributes to the expansion of capillaries and the opening of reserve capillaries. As a result of this, not only the massaged area, but also the areas remote from it begin to be better supplied with blood, gas exchange between tissue and blood increases. Massage has a positive effect on the general circulation of the body. It improves the movement of blood through the arteries, accelerates the outflow of blood through the veins.